What is Gabapentin?
Gabapentin is a combination of medications that are used as adjunctive therapy in peripheral neuropathic pain (pain associated with nerve damage) and epilepsy patients.
Use Gabapentin NT
Gabapentin can be used in the prevention, control and treatment of the following diseases:
- Post herpetic neuralgia (severe nerve pain after viral attack).
- Aquatic therapy (seizures) in the treatment of epilepsy.
- Facial nerve pain
- Neuropathic pain associated with diabetes or spinal cord injuries
- Gabapentin cannot also be used for the purposes mentioned above.
How Does Gabapentin Work?
• Gabapentin has two active ingredients that have different functions: • Gabapentin modulates the activity of calcium channels in nerve cells thus reducing the intensity of pain. • Nortriptyline is a tricyclic anti-depressant that blocks the reuptake of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline and increases its concentration which inhibits pain signals in the brain. • Prescribing both together helps in relieving better neuropathic pain.
How to take Gabapentin?
• The dose and duration of treatment with Gabapentin is based on your age, physical health, and response to therapy. Do not start Gabapentin without the doctor's consent. • Food has little effect on the absorption of Gabapentin thus it can be taken with or without food. • For ideal results, it should always be taken at a given time. • The tablet should be swallowed whole without breaking or chewing it with plenty of fluids instead of chewing. • The drug should not be stopped on its own without the doctor's consent or before the course is completed. • If it is taken as a counter product, read the instructions before use.
• Gabapentin should always be taken in the dosage and form prescribed by your doctor. • The initial recommended dose in adults is 300–900 mg per day. Your doctor will gradually build your dose. Depending on your condition, the dose may be increased to 3600 mg per day in three divided doses. • Doses in children are usually calculated by a doctor based on the weight of the child. Usual dose- 25–35 mg / kg body weight per day. • Patients suffering from kidney disease or undergoing haemodialysis may be reduced or replaced as advised by your doctor. • Continue taking Gabapentin until your doctor tells you to stop the medication. • If your condition does not improve or worsen, discontinue the medicine and inform your doctor.
When to avoid Gabapentin
Gabapentin should be avoided or used with caution: • Patients allergic to any of its components • Pregnant and lactating females • Kidney disease patients • The brain is undergoing haemodialysis • Patients with nervous system disorder