Pain is an unpleasant feeling that can occur in any part of the body. It is experienced after an injury and inflammation. Joint pain is a common sign caused by rheumatic conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and Ankylosing Spondylitis. Many people also experience pain in the head and neck due to various reasons. So, it is a common symptom that can cause discomfort. Following are the treatment options-
There are many medications available in the market. Many painkillers are available over-the-counter, while few of them need a prescription. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed painkiller medicines. They inhibit the COX enzyme in order to stop the production of prostaglandin that causes pain. Acetaminophen or Paracetamol is another common painkiller medicine that eradicates the discomfort instantly. Narcotic painkillers like opioids need a prescription.
Warm application to the affected part enhances blood circulation, thereby enriching nourishment and healing response. Some people prefer direct warm application in the form of heat pads, while some get relief from a hot water bath. Heat wraps are the best way to get relief from pain and stiffness.
The application of cold or ice packs around the painful area helps reduce the inflammation. You can apply ice packs to the inflamed area every 20 minutes in the initial stages. Cold application heals the affected part and relieves discomfort effectively.
Once you experience relief, you can start doing physical exercises to increase mobility in various joints. Exercise is the best way to prevent pain and stiffness. Make sure you perform physical exercises under the supervision of a physical therapist. Avoid performing rigorous exercises like heavy weight lifting. Stretching exercise is one of the best ways to enhance mobility and flexibility.
Gentle massage on the affected region stimulates the blood flow, providing oxygen and nutrients. Massage therapy can play a great role in treating various types of pain.
The above-mentioned treatment options are pretty effective. It is important to consult your doctor for safe and successful results. There are certain limitations of using painkiller medications, speak to your GP about them. Use medicines as directed by the medical advisor and do not exceed the prescribed dose.